Legal Document

Fake News Hate Speech

Legal Document/ MIRH/ 13 DEC 2021

In this Proclamation unless the context otherwise requires:

  1. “Speech” means the act of disseminating of information verbally, textually, graphically or by other means;
  2. “Hate speech” means speech that deliberately promotes hatred, discrimination or attack against a person or an discernable group of identity , based on ethnicity, religion, race, gender or disability;
  3. “Disinformation” means speech that is false, is disseminated by a person who knew or should reasonably have known the falsity of the information and is highly likely to cause a public disturbance, riot, violence or conflict;
  4. “Broadcasting” means radio or television transmission;
  5. “Discrimination” means any act of denying including legally accepted and attack against a person or a group based on ethnicity, religion, gender or disability;
  6. “Violence” means any injury of property, body or life against on an individual or a group of people;

Frequency: 2 issues per year

Launched: March 23, 2020

Open access: yes

Languages: English, Amharic

Genres: Research article, Legal document

Publisher: Federal Negarit Gazeta

Venue of publication: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


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